Common Diseases that Affect children
- Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) or “The Common Cold” is an infectious process of any of the components of the upper airway i.e. the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx.
- Bronchiolitis is a common illness of the respiratory tract caused by an infection that affects the tiny airways, called the bronchioles, which lead to the lungs.
- Jaundice a common condition in newborns, jaundice refers to the yellow color of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by excess bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is produced by the normal breakdown of red blood cells.
- Seborrheic dermatitis is a noninfectious skin condition that is very common in infants sometimes called “Cradle Cap,” usually beginning in the first weeks of life and slowly disappearing over a period of weeks or months. To see some picture examples click here.
- Eczema is an overactive response by the body’s immune system to an irritant resulting in skin inflammation.
To see some picture examples click here.
- Gastroenteritis is a syndrome of vomiting and diarrhea that may cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
- Constipation is often characterized by infrequent bowel movements or hard, dry stools.
- Scabies is a HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS skin infestation caused by the itch mite. To see some picture examples click here.
- Viral Exanthem or Viral Syndrome: Viral” means that the rash or eruption is a symptom of an infection due to a virus. For more information click here. An exanthem is a rash or eruption on the skin.
- Otitis media or “ear infection” is a bacterial or viral infection of the middle ear.
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) causes infection of the lungs and breathing passages and is a major cause of respiratory illness in young children.
- Diaper dermatitis is a rash anywhere in the groin region or gluteal folds of the buttocks which may become infected with bacteria or yeast.
- Breath-holding Spells occur when willful toddlers hold their breath until they turn blue in the face.
- Roseola is a viral illness in young kids, most commonly affecting those between the ages of 6 months and 2 years old. It is usually marked by several days of high fever, followed by a distinctive rash just as the fever breaks. To see some picture examples click here.
- Prickly Heat also called miliaria, is a rash that can develop after a person sweats far more than usual and sweat glands become blocked.
- Night Terror is a sleep disruption similar to a nightmare, but with a far more dramatic presentation.
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease is one of the most common causes of knee pain in adolescents and usually occurs during growth spurts.
Relevant Topics of Interest